Tuesday, December 20, 2022

Saturday, December 10, 2022

What's The Difference Between Thermocouples and RTDs?

What's The Difference Between Thermocouples and RTDs?

Thermocouples and resistance temperature detectors (RTDs) are both types of temperature sensors that are used to measure the temperature of a system. While they both operate on the same basic principle of using a physical property to determine temperature, they differ in the specific way they do this and the accuracy and precision of their measurements.

A thermocouple is a type of temperature sensor that is made up of two different metals that are joined together at one end. When a temperature difference is applied to the other end of the thermocouple, a small electrical voltage is generated. This voltage is proportional to the temperature difference, and can be measured and used to determine the temperature of the system. Thermocouples are relatively simple and inexpensive, but they are not very accurate or precise and are only capable of measuring a limited range of temperatures.

On the other hand, a resistance temperature detector (RTD) is a type of temperature sensor that uses the principle of electrical resistance to measure temperature. RTDs consist of a coil of fine wire that is wrapped around a core material, typically made of a metal with a high electrical resistance such as platinum, nickel, or copper. When the temperature of the RTD changes, the electrical resistance of the wire also changes, and this change can be measured and used to determine the temperature of the system. RTDs are generally more accurate and precise than thermocouples, and can be used to measure a wider range of temperatures. However, they are also more complex and expensive than thermocouples.

In summary, the key differences between thermocouples and RTDs are the way they measure temperature, the accuracy and precision of their measurements, and the range of temperatures they can measure. Thermocouples use the voltage generated by two different metals to measure temperature, while RTDs use the change in electrical resistance of a wire to measure temperature. Thermocouples are relatively simple and inexpensive, but not very accurate or precise, while RTDs are more complex and expensive, but can provide more accurate and precise measurements over a wider range of temperatures.

For expert guidance specifying or applying thermocouples or RTD's in your application, contact:

Thursday, November 10, 2022

Thursday, September 29, 2022

Wire-wound and Thin Film Resistance Temperature Detectors

Wire-wound and Thin Film Resistance Temperature Detectors

The wire-wound platinum resistance thermometer was patented in 1924 and has since become the most popular device for measuring laboratory and industrial process temperatures. RTDs provide high accuracy, long-term stability, repeatability, and integration with electronic controls. As the temperature rises, so does electrical resistance in a very predictable manner. PRTs measure all sorts of processes, from industry to laboratory work. Additionally, the platinum resistance sensor has a linear resistance vs. temperature relationship over a wide operating range of -196°C to 850°C. 

Wire-wound and thin film sensing elements are the two most common forms of RTD sensing elements. Wire-wound sensing components apply in applications requiring high accuracy and long-term stability. The RTD sensor utilizes platinum wire wrapped around a ceramic core and offers various housings designed to give the optimum heat transfer and contact with the process, regardless of whether it is gas, liquid, or solid.

The thin film RTD sensor style is made by depositing a thin layer of platinum on a ceramic plate, then trimming a path with a laser or other techniques to create a narrow ribbon of platinum with a resistance of 100 ohms at 0°C. After that, the leads are joined and protected with glass. As a result, the sensor is relatively small and available in rectangular shapes in various sizes. They are inexpensive and, if properly packaged, can last for years. Long-term stability and repeatability are not as excellent as with wire wound sensors. 

Each sensor type for industrial applications meets the specifications of ASTM 1137 or IEC 60751. The specifications include an ice point (0°C) resistance and a temperature coefficient. The ice point resistance is calculated in a container using an ice bath made of ice and water. There is a tolerance called "interchangeability" associated with this measurement. Various interchangeability bands have label assignations such as A, B, or C, with A being the strictest and C being less tight.

The temperature coefficient of resistance, or TCR, is the amount of resistance change per degree Celsius change in temperature. The TCR of an industrial grade PRT is 0.00385 ohms/ohm/°C. In other words,  there is an average of 0.385 ohms of resistance per degree C of temperature change between 0°C and 100°C. The coefficients used for lab standards are 0.003925 and 0.003902, but the more widely used standard is now 0.00385 for industrial applications. For an accurate reading, you need to match the temperature coefficient and resistance of your PRT with the input requirements of the instrumentation you are using. Not doing this will result in a significant error.

For expert guidance specifying or applying RTD's in your application, contact:

Thursday, August 18, 2022

Industrial Uses of Resistance Temperature Detectors (RTDs) Explained

Industrial Uses of Resistance Temperature Detectors (RTDs)

Introduction: What is an RTD?

RTDs are sensors that measure the temperature of a material and provide an indication of its resistance to thermal changes.

An RTD is a sensor that measures the temperature of a material and provides an indication of its resistance to thermal changes. RTDs can be manufactured as either a wire or as a thin film on silicon.

The first RTD was developed in 1887 by German inventor Hermann von Helmholtz.

RTDs are typically used in industrial applications such as power plants, refineries, paper mills, and steel mills where they monitor temperatures of process fluids, gases, or equipment surfaces.

RTDs have also been used for years in home appliances like ovens and furnaces to control the temperature inside them.

What is a Typical Industrial Use of RTDs?

RTDs are used in industrial settings to measure the temperature of liquids and gases. This is done by measuring the resistance of a metal element which changes with temperature. RTDs have many applications in industry, such as controlling the temperature of devices, monitoring equipment, and testing for leaks.

Industrial use of RTDs can be found in a wide range of industries. For example, they are used to monitor the temperature of food processing plants and oil refineries. They are also used for quality control purposes in semiconductor manufacturing plants and petrochemical factories.

Other Industrial Uses of Resistance Temperature Detectors

Industrial use of RTDs is extremely common in the manufacturing industry. They are used in industrial processes to measure and control temperature, as well as to detect hot spots and cool spots.

RTDs are also used in many engineering applications such as process control, instrumentation, and automation for a variety of purposes.

Duro-Sense Corporation

Saturday, July 30, 2022

Industry Leading Delivery Times for Thermocouples and RTDs

Industry Leading Delivery Times for Thermocouples and RTDs

Customers dislike having to wait. Customer happiness and loyalty are directly related to how soon items are delivered. 

Lead time is a critical component of any effective supply chain. It is vital to a company's success to reduce lead times as much as feasible. Production lead time may be a significant factor in your company's success. Whether it's a poor movie or a dull and tiresome speech, shorter is usually better. Selecting the correct manufacturer is critical when determining the lead time.

Duro-Sense has over four decades of manufacturing experience and has developed essential solutions for reducing lead times without sacrificing quality. Allow us to show you.

Friday, July 1, 2022